“Positive.” What captivated him in the late 1980s was news of the changing international order. When the Berlin Wall fell, symbolizing an end to the conflict between east and west, he expected world peace to break out. Instead came the 1991 Gulf War. He wasn’t a pacifist, but he opposed it, believing that Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein’s foray into Kuwait could be stopped by other means. “We shouldn’t burden ourselves taking cans of food or flour,” Nedret advises Commander Hakija. “If you have an ounce of salt or a pound of sugar, you can survive fifteen days in the wilderness without anything else.” His family raised livestock and grew vegetables and fruit on a hillside that inched down to the Drina River canyon, the natural border between the Yugoslav republics of Bosnia and Serbia. As a young boy, his typical day began with the crowing of roosters. From the windows of the family’s two-story house, Ilijaz would peer across the blue river to the biggest mountain in western Serbia, Tara, tracing the road that zigzagged from a height of more than 4,200 feet down the face of one of its peaks toward the Peru?ac hydroelectric dam.